Location: inside the enclosure walls of the Royal Palace
Access: walk over the Terrace of Elephants and through the east gopura of the enclosure wall encircling the Royal Palace. You are on the principal access to the temple. Alternatively, follow the pathway between the two terraces, bearing left through a breech in the enclosure wall, close to the north-east gopura. The temple’s tiered platform will be visible from here to the west

Tip: for those who want to climb to the top, use the west stairway
Date: 10th century-early 11th century
King: Rajendravarman II (reigned 941-968)
Religion: Hindu
Art style: Kleang

BACKGROUND

Phimeanakas, located inside the Royal Palace compound, was the temple where the king worshipped. I t must originally have been crowned with a golden pinnacle, as Zhou Daguan described it as the ‘Tower of Gold’. I t is small compared with others, but, even so, it has appeal and is situated in idyllic surroundings. Although its construction seems to have been initiated by Rajendravarman II, subsequent kings made additions, Suryavarman I in the 11th century made the most significant ones.

This temple is associated with a legend that tells of a gold tower (Phimeanakas) Inside the royal palace of Angkor the Great, where a serpent-spirit with nine heads lived. The spirit appeared to the Khmer king disguised as a woman and the king had to sleep with her every night in the tower before he joined his wives and concubines in another part of the palace. If the king missed even one night it was believed he would die. In this way the royal lineage of the Khmers was perpetuated.

LAYOUT

Your prelude to Phimeanakas is through the cruciform east gopura. Its lintels are of Kleang style with a central motif of a kala head; inscriptions on the door frames detail an oath of fidelity for dignitaries of the empire. Continue walking west until you reach the temple. The general plan of Phimeanakas is rectangular with cruciform gopuras. The temple, built of laterite and sandstone, originally consisted of a central sanctuary on a tiered platform and an enclosure wall. The grounds around the sanctuary included several courts and ponds that were part of the Royal Palace. A second enclosure wall, surrounded by a moat (now dry) was built at a later date.

CENTRAL SANCTUARY (3)

The single sanctuary stands on a base with three laterite tiers and is approached by four steep stairways, one on each side (1). These stairways are framed by walls with six projections – two per step – decorated with lions. Elephants once stood on sandstone pedestals in the corners of the base, but, today, they are mostly broken.

UPPER TERRACE

The upper terrace affords a fine view of the neighboring temple of the Baphuon. A narrow, covered sandstone gallery (2) with windows and balusters at the edge of the upper terrace is the first appearance of a stone gallery with a central sanctuary. There were small pavilions at the corners, but only vestiges remain.

ROYAL BATHS

To the north of Phimeanakas, there are two ponds that were part of the Royal Palace compound. The smaller and deeper pond, known as Srah Srei or the women’s bath, which is closest to the main road, is identified by moulding and laterite steps. The other larger pond or the men’s bath directly to its west, can be reached by a footpath to the right of Phimeanakas. Follow it, and until you come to a large pond paved in laterite with sandstone steps. Continue walking until you are standing on the north edge of the pond. Then turn back and look at the amazing sculpted borders, in two tiers and carved in high relief, on the opposite side. You will see nagas sculpted in animal and human form surrounded by naga-princesses; on the top there are male and female garudas and mythical winged figures. This entire area was probably crowned by a platform with a naga balustrade, and may have served as a gallery for the sovereign and dignitaries of the court.

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Koh Ker

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Beng Mealea: ‘The Lotus Pool’

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Angkor Wat

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Bayon

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Terrace of the Leper King

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Terrace of the Elephants

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Baphuon

North of the Golden Tower [Bayon] … rises the Tower of Bronze [Baphuon], higher even than the Golden Tower: a truly astonishing spectacle, with more than ten chambers at its base. Location: 200 metres (656 feet) north-west of the Bayon, and south of Phimeanakas Access: enter and

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Phimeanakas: ‘Aerial Palace’

Location: inside the enclosure walls of the Royal Palace Access: walk over the Terrace of Elephants and through the east gopura of the enclosure wall encircling the Royal Palace. You are on the principal access to the temple. Alternatively, follow the pathway between the two

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Angkor Thom

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Ta Prom

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Banteay Srei

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Preah Khan

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Neak Pean (Island temple)

Neak Pean was originally designed for medical purposes (the ancients believed that going into these pools would balance the elements in the bather, thus curing disease); it is one of the many hospitals that Jayavarman VII built. It is based on the ancient Hindu belief of balance...


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Ta Keo Temple ( Ancestor Keo)
Date: End of the 10th century to the early of 11th century (1000)
King: Jayavaraman 5 ( 968 -1001) & Suryavaraman1 (1002-1050)
Religion: Hinduism dedicated to God Siva


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Banteay Kdie temple built late 12th century to the early 13th century (1181)
 Bayon Style. Jayavaraman VII
Religion: Buddishim

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 Pre Rup temple( Change the body)                                                       
Date: Second half of the 10th century (961)
King: Rajendravaraman2nd
Religion: Hinduism  dedicated to God Siva
Art Style: Pre rup
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Eastern mabon temple located north of Pre Rup temple about 1400 meters
Date : Second half of the 10th century ( 952)
Religion: Hinduism dedicated to God Siva and the memorial the king"s parents
King: Rajendravaraman 2nd ( 944-968)

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Banteay Samre ( The citadel of the Samre)
Date: Middle of 12th century ( 1150- 1175)
King: Suryavaranam 2nd
Religion: Hinduism  dedicated to God Vishnu)
Art style : Angkor wat
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TA SOM TEMPLE
Date: Late 12th century, 13th century
Art Style: Bayon
Reign: Jayavaraman VII, enlarged by Indravarman II
King: Jayavaraman 7
Religion: Buddism

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Lolei temple located at Rolous Group
Date: Eng od 9th century (893)
King: Yasovaraman Ist
Religion:Hinduism dedicated to Siva and memorial the king's father


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This is Bakong temple located at the Rolous Group South of Preah Ko temple
Built late 9th century ( 881)
Religion: Hinduism dedicated to Siva
King: Indravaraman I ( 877- 889)

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Preah Ko Temple( Sacred Bull)
Location:Between Bakong and Lolei temple
Date: Late 9th century(879)
King: Indravaraman 1st
Religion: Hinduism dedicated to God Shiva , memorial temple built for the King parents and maternal grandparents

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Kulen Mountain waterfall National Park.
Considered by Khmers to be the most sacred mountain in Cambodia, Phnom Kulen is a popular place of pilgrimage on weekends and during festivals. It played a significant role in the history of the Khmer empire, as it was from here in AD 802 that Jayavarman II proclaimed himself a devaraja (god-king), giving birth to the Cambodian kingdom. Attractions include a giant reclining Buddha, hundreds of lingas carved in the riverbed, an impressive waterfall and some remote temples.


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Kbal Spean  
A spectacularly carved riverbed, Kbal Spean is set deep in the jungle to the northeast of Angkor. More commonly referred to in English as the ‘River of a Thousand Lingas’, the name actually means ‘bridgehead’, a reference to the natural rock bridge here. Lingas (phallic symbols) have been elaborately carved into the riverbed, and images of Hindu deities are dotted about the area. It was ‘discovered’ in 1969, when ethnologist Jean Boulbet was shown the area by a hermit.


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Sambo Prei Kuk temple
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(CNN) — If you've heard of one Cambodian temple, it's probably Angkor Wat -- an awe-inspiring yet well-trodden UNESCO World Heritage Site in Siem Reap.

But many travelers don't realize the Seventh Wonder of the World is one of thousands of ancient Khmer temples dotting the Cambodian countryside.

Hidden beneath a canopy of trees in the northwestern jungles of Cambodia lies a lesser known beauty: Banteay Chhmar, which roughly translates to "Citadel of Cats."

Brought to life in the 12th century by Jayavarman VII, one of the Khmer Empire's greatest rulers, this little-understood temple was left uninhabited for nearly 800 years.

Time, severe pillaging and the inexorable domination of nature left the site in a state of semi-collapse. It was added to UNESCO's tentative list in 1992.

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